On April 4 2018, President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo launched the Making Indonesia 4.0 program to help the country better compete in the global market in the digital era, create more jobs and become among the top ten largest economies in the world by 2030.
Five key technologies that support this vision are namely:
- Internet of Things
- Artificial Intelligence
- Human Machine Interface
- Robotics and sensor technology
- 3D Printing technology.
If successful, the roadmap will boost the real economy of Indonesia by between 1 - 2 percent, facilitating GDP growth rates in the period 2018-2030 to be at least 6-7 percent per year. The manufacturing industry is targeted to contribute between 21-26 percent to the nation's GDP by 2030 and job creation through the roadmap is estimated at 7-19 million by 2030.
The roadmap will focus on developing five manufacturing industries: food and beverage, automotive, electronics, chemicals, and textiles. The contribution of these five sectors to the national gross domestic product (GDP) is currently 17.8%.
Industry Minister Hartarto said it will be key to encourage added value and high-technology downstream industries to become a competitive player in the new global context. The design of the "Making Indonesia 4.0" roadmap involved stakeholders from various segments, including the government, industry players, industry associations, tech companies, as well as research and educational organizations.
In the context of ASEAN - Indonesia’s Readiness
A study by A.T. Kearney with Indonesia’s Ministry of Industry showed that Indonesia is currently lagging behind other ASEAN countries like Malaysia and Thailand on their 4IR Country Readiness.
By comparing “Drivers of Production”, country preparedness to capitalize on emerging technologies to transform their production systems and “Structure of Production”, current baseline of production, Indonesia is slightly ahead of other ASEAN countries like Vietnam.
Thailand was also used as a comparison in demonstrating how the Industry 4.0 adoption has been integrated into the nation’s economic model to develop a value based economy.
Comparing Thailand and Indonesia
Thailand launched their Thailand 4.0 initiative in 2016 and attracted $151.638 THB million of foreign direct investment for the 10 targeted industries with the top 3 being automotive, petrochemical and electrical and electronics.
The first five S-Curve industries (general automotive, intelligent electronics, advanced agriculture and biotechnology, food processing, and tourism) was where the Thailand wanted to boost the country’s competitiveness through building on its current strengths through technological innovation. Also targeted are the five new S-Curve industries (digital, robotics and automation, aviation and logistics, biofuels and biochemicals, and medical hubs) where the aim is to develop those industries to accelerate the new industrial growth base.
By aligning Thailand’s Industrial 4.0 policy with the national agenda (Thailand 4.0 economy) and with the government making both hard and soft investments to ramp up companies along the technology curve, Thailand has pulled ahead in our enterprise survey last year when comparing the percentage of companies who have benefitted from IoT implementation in their business. (Thailand 10% vs Indonesia 5%)
Cost is less a concern in Thailand compared to in other Asean nations, with large enterprises exploring quality solutions from Europe and US. In Indonesia however, enterprises remain cost sensitive - the installation of IoT to build a smart factory for example, has only been applied by 1 in 10 industry players.
With the launch of Indonesia 4.0 and the high interest in the implementation of IoT in Indonesia (83% of enterprises are exploring or implementing IoT solutions from our 2017 enterprise survey), we foresee more companies benefitting from IoT like Cikarang Dry Port. (Read: IOT technology pushes 60% -70% efficiency in Cikarang Dry Port)
- Sumavasee Sarasuk, Vice President, Digital Economy Promotion Agency, Thailand
- Ngakan Timur Antara, Head of Industrial Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Industry
- Ronni Rombe, Director of Supply Chain, Sinar Mas Agro Resources & Technology (SMART)
- Ravinder Mawa, CIO, Sinar Mas Mining
- Benny Woenardi, Managing Director, Cikarang Dry Port
at our 25th Asia IoT Business Platform, Jakarta, Aug 28 & 29 at Ritz Carlton Mega Kuningan.